What do you do when you experience an unexpected heart attack? How do you manage and react to it?
Everyone has a different attitude toward experiencing stress. Some people scream like steam coming out of a cartoon character a
d some act as if everything is under their control, just like a cool cat, but how much stress you experience. You react to it might lead you to experience a variety of diseases health problems. On its extreme, it may contribute to everything from high blood pressure or hypertension to asthma and ulcer and irritable bowel syndrome.
Over the past few years, doctors and the physicians have recognized an unusual form of a heart attack, which neither involves rupturing of arteries nor blocked blood vessels. Still, it is due to anxiety or stress.
Stress and Your Heart
It is still unknown how stress contributes to developing heart diseases. It may even affect behaviors and factors that increase heart disease risk like high blood pressure, cholesterol levels, smoking, physical inactivity, and overeating. People sometimes choose to drink too much alcohol or smoke cigarettes to manage their chronic, which seems to be established; however, these habits ultimately increase blood pressure and damage the artery walls.
The human body’s response to stress is usually headaches, but it may also be back strain or stomach pain. It can also zap your energy, wreak havoc on your sleep and make you feel cranky, forgetful, and out of control.
Stressful situations occur in a chain of events. When you feel stressed, your body releases adrenaline, a hormone that temporarily causes your heart rate and breathing rate to speed up, causing your blood pressure to rise. These reactions ultimately prepare you to deal with the “fight or flight” response.
When your brain frequently experiences stress, your body remains in high gear off and on for days, or sometimes the situation goes on for weeks, even though the relation between pressure and heart disease is not clear. If the focus is chronic, it might cause many people to drink too much alcohol, which ultimately increases your blood pressure and may damage the artery walls.
Stress Can Increase Your Risk for Heart Disease
Your body’s response to stress is meant to protect you. Pressure can come from physical causes, like not having the required sleep or having some persistent illness. Still, in the majority cases, it is caused due to emotional imbalance like worrying about not having enough money or the death of a loved one. Stress can also come from less dramatic causes like everyday obligations and pressures that make you feel that you are not in control.
If the stress is not brought under control, it may harm you. The hormone released in response to stress is cortisol, and the high levels of cortisol from long-term stress can increase blood cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar, and blood pressure. These are common risk factors for heart disease. This stress can also cause changes that promote the buildup of plaque deposits in the arteries. Even minor stress may sometimes trigger heart problems like poor blood flow towards the heart muscle, leading to a lack of oxygen and blood. Long-term stress may result in blood clotting, making the blood stickier, and increasing stroke risk.
Types of Heart Attacks Caused by Stress
Herat attacks are usually caused by blocked coronary arteries from blood clotting when plaques of cholesterol rupture. When the blood flow is disturbed, it results in the death of heart muscles; hence the name “heart attack” is given, but in many cases, heart attacks do not occur by the blockage but due to stress or anxiety.
There are several types of heart attacks that are caused by stress.
The Japanese doctors first discovered Takotsubo CardiomyopathyTakotsubo Cardiomyopathy or stress cardiomyopathy. They named it Takotsubo because, during this disorder, the heart takes on a distinctive shape that resembles a Japanese pot used to trap an octopus. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy was commonly believed to be caused by sudden emotional stress, such as a child’s death, and to be far less harmful than a typical heart attack. For that reason, some had also labeled this condition “broken-heart syndrome.”
Women are most susceptible to developing Takotsubo cardiopathy with an average age of 67-year-old compared to men at the lower risk of developing it. It occurs due to lung problems or infections, but the most common cause is emotional shock and neurological and psychiatric disorders. In a substantial portion of patients, no trigger could be identified.
Future research will be needed to determine the best care for patients with takotsubo cardiomyopathy and lower their risk for future problems. We often use the same medications to treat weakened heart muscle in takotsubo cardiomyopathy as we do with other forms of a heart attack. Still, there are not many adequate studies regarding optimal medication choices for people who have experienced takotsubo cardiomyopathy. The link between neurological or psychiatric disorders is intriguing. It suggests that a vital heart-mind connection is relevant to some manifestations of takotsubo cardiomyopathy and other cardiac conditions.
- STEMI: The classic or major heart attack
People think of a heart attack, the first thing that usually comes in their mind is STEMI, which occurs when a coronary artery becomes completely blocked, and a large portion of the muscle stops receiving blood. It comes under the category of severe heart attack that can cause significant damage.
A classic symptom of STEMI involves pain in the center of the chest, and this chest discomfort is better described as a pressure or tightness rather than sharp pain. Some people who experience STEMIs also describe feeling pain in their arms or back, neck, or jaw.
Other symptoms that may accompany chest pain include
- shortness of breath
- breaking out in a cold sweat
Can managing stress reduces or prevents heart disease?
If you can manage your stress, it is an excellent idea for your overall health, but the researchers study whether managing stress is useful for heart disease. Treatments and therapies work to reduce the effects of stress on cardiovascular diseases and sometimes the psychosocial therapies that involve both the psychological and social aspects that seem to be effective in preventive for welcoming second heart attack. After a heart attack or stroke, people who feel depressed, anxious, or overwhelmed by stress should talk to their doctor or other healthcare professionals.
Responses to stress
People respond to stressful situations differently. Some have a strong reaction to that situation, who might be catching everyone’s picture in a fire while others seem relaxed and unconcerned.
Some common responses to stress include:
· Aches and pains
· Decreased energy and sleep
· Feelings of anxiety, anger, and depression
How to decrease the effect of stress on the body?
There are many ways to monitor the stress affects your experience on your body, and the foremost task to do is to identify the situations that cause stress. However, that might be difficult, but try to control your mental and physical reactions to these stressful situations. Try the following to help manage stress and keep your heart healthy.
Go for physical exercises.
Physical exercises, whether they are done in the gym or at home, offer tremendous benefits for body and mind, including an improved sleep pattern, reduced anxiety, less or no weight gain, and lower risk of death. Although plenty of health benefits provided by exercise have been brought into concern for documenting, plenty of people don’t get the training; they need to stay healthy. This might be because of loads of reasons for skipping a workout for not going to the gym, maybe because of the budget or having no time to work out.
Avoid alcohol or at least reduce your alcohol consumption.
People often turn towards drinking alcohol as a coping mechanism to work for stress reduction; however, this might not be a healthier choice as the studies have confirmed that heavy alcohol consumption is increasingly susceptible to infections. On the other hand, taking certain mediations like exercise, nature walk, and healthier ways might be beneficial. Perhaps the discussion has shown an increased chance of deaths if an individual has some lung complications.
Alcohol use, especially heavy use, alters the mind, weakens the immune system, and undermines the body’s ability to cope with infectious diseases.
It is recommended that alcohol, in general, be avoided, but especially when in self-quarantine. As a psychoactive substance, alcohol also affects your mental state and decision-making. It makes you more vulnerable to risks, such as falls, injuries, or violence when under quarantine with someone else.
Alcohol intake is also affiliated with an increased level of depression, anxiety, fear, and panic– symptoms that can intensify during isolation and self-quarantine. Consuming alcohol is not a suitable coping mechanism, neither in the short nor long term, although you might think that it will help you deal with stress.
Have yourself a hearty laugh
The Health benefits of laughter can never be disputed by any of the scientists or any doctor. From boosting the immunity towards lowering the stress or reducing pain to preventing heart disease, hearty laughter is considered nature’s medicine for mental and physical health.
How to laugh when you’re just not feeling funny? Play with a dog, watch stand-up comedy, indulge in a couple of viral toddler videos. Or it is more important to attend the yoga class. Studies show laughing in groups beats laughing alone, helping turn “forced laughter” into real laughter.
Consider morning walk a priority.
People who are fond of sneaking out of their houses at every dawn and set off briskly for the morning walk are the one who is never prone to diseases. Getting your cardio rhythms up and pumping early in the morning offers your mind and body some added benefits. We take you through all the reasons why you should shrug off your lethargy and go for that morning walk.
It is necessary to fell the outside warmth and go under the sun and feel it for a short time. These steps were taken either in the morning or in the afternoon, which may keep you stay active and have a substantial positive impact on mood swings.
Alexandra Grundleger, Ph.D., with Grundleger Therapy, recommends going outside every single day—while still following social distancing guidelines—for any amount of time. Trying to go outside every day, even if it is raining outside, feeling the sun against your face, saying hello to neighbors, and getting your heart rate up, are the adopted strategies that make one feel satisfied the whole day. It is far more challenging to get on with this habit with children and a job, but doing the best can be appreciable.
Maintain a sense of normalcy
Maintaining a regular and balanced life is an essential solution for all the problems. Patricia Celan, MD, a psychiatry resident at Dalhousie University in Canada, says, “maintaining a sense of normalcy” is an essential part of managing your mental health right now.
Going through those motions and adopting a routine life of waking up, working, eating, and exercising at the same time, along with some of the other required fun adjustments, may have control over your own life rather than dealing with the uncontrollable state of unhealthy and detrimental life.
Deviate yourself from the boredom and take out time for yourself
With an increase in age, many people deviate from the primary care required for the body and mind nourishment and fall behind on this act as may seem pointless. However, self-care does not mean to grow a face mask or make a bubble bath for making sure that you still focus on the basics of self-care. Instead, Dallas-based licensed clinical psychologist George Ball says you should make sure you are still focusing on self-care basics. This means eating healthier and eat as clean as possible, shooting eight hours of sleep per night, and throwing out the pampers to treat yourself. Spending time with positive people keeps the mental and physical health healthy, wealthy, and wise.
Most people get stressed out when they perceive their reality as “being wrong” in some way. This is simply a perception and can quickly be sorted out by recognizing that life might not be going as you think it should. Essentially, everyone has his idea of perceiving life and believing how it should be, and when reality ends up being different (not even necessarily bad), they get stressed. You can still benefit from the moment and find things to be grateful for.
Everything in your life ultimately happens for your growth, progress, and development to achieve your goals and dreams, and your perception works in your favor. This will begin to help you realign the way you think and find moments of gratitude.