What is depression?

Feeling dejected and downhearted from time to time is a normal part of life but the gloomy emotional situation such as hopelessness and despair takes hold of you and won’t go away, you might be actually suffering from a major depressive disorder, commonly known as depression. Over and above just sadness in response to setbacks and life struggles, depression, its causes, symptoms, and treatment revolutes how you think, feel, and function normally, in daily activities.

Depression may also interfere with our work competency, sleeping, eating, and enjoying the life moments, men in particular where they start feeling unsecured, restless, and angry. However, experiencing depression, if left untreated, may start describing life as if you live in a big black hole or having a feeling of impending doom. Moreover, the day begins with lifelessness, emptiness, and apathetic moments. But it’s important to remember that feelings of helplessness and hopelessness are symptoms of depression, not the reality of your situation. No matter how hopeless you feel, you can get better.


What will be our widening focus?

Before exceeding, we must look upon on what would be our widening focus on this article. HaleCraze, keeping the depression, its causes, symptoms, and treatment its own concern, seems critical and has provided you with an easy to understand the article, jam-packed with the facts, its causes and an ultimate treatment which is proven to help monitor its symptoms. All the problems that come due to physical and hormonal causes the mental and behavioural levels to rise to the peak. Hence, consulted by the expert doctors and mental health autos, we have compiled everything on one page.


Types of Depression

Depression can be broken into categories depending on the severity of symptoms. Some people experience mild and temporary episodes, while others experience severe and ongoing depressive episodes. Depression is further divided into two main types: major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder.

  1. Major depressive disorder
Pic Credit: Pauline Anderson

A major depressive disorder is the more severe type of depression, characterized further by the mixed feelings of gloomy and sad feelings, hopelessness, and worthlessness that might not go away on their own. In order to be diagnosed with clinical depression, you must experience 5 or more of the following symptoms over a 2-week period:

  • feeling depressed most of the day
  • loss of interest in most regular activities
  • significant weight loss or gain
  • sleeping a lot or not being able to sleep
  • slowed thinking or movement
  • fatigue or low energy most days
  • feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • loss of concentration or indecisiveness
  • recurring thoughts of death or suicide

There are different subtypes of major depressive disorder, which the American Psychiatric Association refers to as “specifiers. ”These include:

  • atypical features
  • anxious distress
  • mixed features
  • peripartum onset, during pregnancy or right after giving birth
  • seasonal patterns
  • melancholic features
  • psychotic features
  • catatonia
  1. Persistent depressive disorder

    Pic Credit: Lotus M. Meshreki

Persistent depressive disorder, also known as dysthymia, a milder but chronic form of depression lasts for a longer period than the former one and may affect the life more than the major depression. It’s common for people with PDD to:

  • lose interest in normal daily activities
  • feel hopeless
  • lack productivity
  • have low self-esteem

What Causes Depression?

By understanding the cause of your depression and recognizing the different symptoms and types of depression, you can take the first steps to feel better and overcoming the problem. Severe depression, is a mood disorder that hampers every need, involving the persistent feelings of sadness and loss of interest, usually different from the mood fluctuations which people regularly experience as a part of life. Major life events, such as bereavement or the loss of a job, can lead to depression. However, doctors only consider feelings of grief to be part of depression if they persist. There are many possible causes of depression, including faulty mood regulation by the brain, genetic vulnerability, stressful life events, medications, and medical problems. It’s believed that several of these forces interact to bring on depression.

Life events

unemployment depression girl
Pic Credit: Getty

Research suggests that life events, with bad experiences and never-ending difficulties like long term unemployment, living in an abusive environment or uncaring and non-sympathetic relationships, continuous isolation, prolonged loneliness, and conditions like work stress are the reasons which are more likely to cause depression and real-life stress. However, recent events such as losing your job or a combination of events can ‘trigger’ depression if you’re already at risk because of previous bad experiences or personal factors.

Personal factors


Depression sometimes runs in families and some people will be at a greater risk of genetic risk. However, having a parent or close relative with depression, its causes, symptoms, and treatment don’t mean you’ll automatically have the same experience. Life circumstances and other personal factors are still likely to have an important influence.

Some people are sensitive to personal criticism and take everything negative particularly they have a tendency to worry about almost everything and take everything on their heart. This eventually leads them to think a lot and cause depression on a larger means.


The stress and worry of coping with a serious illness can lead to depression, especially if you’re dealing with long-term management or chronic pain.


Drug and alcohol use can both lead to and result from depression and its causes. Many people with depression also have drug and alcohol problems. Over 500,000 Australians will experience depression and a substance use disorder at the same time, at some point in their lives.

Changes in the Brain

Researchers and made certain researches about the biology of depression, its causes, symptoms, and treatment, and identified the responsible genes that are seen vulnerable to causing mood swings and how an individual pays a response to any drug therapy. Although there’s been a lot of research in this complex area, there’s still much we don’t know. Depression is not simply the result of a ‘chemical imbalance’, for example, because you have too much or not enough of a particular brain chemical. It’s complicated, and there are multiple causes of major depression. Factors such as genetic vulnerability, severe life stressors, and substances you may take and medical conditions can affect the way your brain regulates your moods. One day, they might be successful in determining more individualized treatment about how the brain regulates mood, as their understanding of the biology of depression is far from complete.

Signs and Symptoms

Depression is more than being sad. In an estimation proved in 2015, about 16.1 million U.S adults, between the age of 18 and 30 that might constitute of 6.7 percent of the total population, had undergone at least one major depressive episode or experienced depressive symptoms, bringing this condition in the list of the diseases which make of the most common mental disorders in the United States and worldwide. Depression can affect people of all ages, races and socioeconomic classes, and can strike at any time. The condition is found in twice as many women as men, according to the NIMH.


In a recently published report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, researchers found that women between 40 and 59 have the highest rate of depression (12.3 percent) of any group based on age and gender in the United States.

Symptoms followed by depression can affect both mood and body. Different age groups experience different symptoms like women’s men children are affected differently by depression. Symptoms can last weeks, months, or years and can be intermittent or a one-time occurrence.

In Males

Depresion in male
Pic Credit: Joe Lipson

Symptoms experienced by men due to depression are related to their

  1. Mood such as aggressiveness, tingling sensation, increased blood pressure, or anger.
  2. The inability of focusing, concentrating, or making decisions.
  3. Sleeping too much due to tiredness or lack of energy. This can also be followed by insomnia.
  4. Felling of worthlessness and guilty. They suffer a lot due to their past failure and end on blaming themselves.
  5. Facing difficulty in coping up with their family’s responsibilities and work and as a result displaying abusive and bad behavior.
  6. Cognitive abilities such as inability to concentrate on a particular task, also sometimes difficulty completing tasks and the delayed responses during any conversation.

Symptoms in men may be outgoing all time or sometimes come and go

In Females

Deprission in Females
Pic Credit: Today

Depression is more likely to be seen in women than in men. This is because of the complexity of the roles played by women in society as a mother, wife, employee, friend, and many others.  Some of the distinguishing factors in how depression is shown in women include.

  1. Women feel scared, anxious, sad, irritated, and tired.
  2. Physical well-being, such as asdecreased energy, greater fatigue, changes in appetite, weight changes, aches, pain, headaches, and increased cramps.
  3. Change in behavior is most commonly seen in women such as loss of interest in activities once enjoyed, withdrawing from social engagements, and thoughts of suicide.
  4. Depression has also followed sleep disturbance in women, such as difficulty sleeping through the night, waking early, and sleeping too much.
  5. Cognitive abilities are effected such as thinking or talking more slowly.

In Children

Deprission in children
Pic Credit: Traci Pedersen

Depression, its causes, symptoms, and treatment in children are very different in children than in men and women. Below are some symptoms of depression that tend to appear more often in children.

  1. Children may experience withdrawing from friends and family and feeling irritated in having any conversation with them.
  2. Children also face difficulty in doing school works and social activity challenges.
  3. Feeling guilty, helpless, and worthless is the most common symptom seen in children during the depression. This stops their growth both physically and mentally because they are not able to believe in anyone even their parents.
  4. Depression is also followed by a restlessness in children such as the inability to sit still and showing defiant behavior.
  5. Younger children may have difficulty expressing how they feel in words. This can make it harder for them to explain their feelings of sadness.


In Teenagers

teenager depression
Pic Credit: Getty

Young people who tend to work on a broad range of projects like the school projects, college projects and some even go through the jobs they handle, certainly, they have to deal with a wide of inter-mingled feelings due to the rapid changes to their bodies and hormones.

Apart from the hormonal thing, their self-independence from their family and parents makes them more exotic and out-going, hence, this is an actual life cycle that takes place from their childhood to their adulthood, making them prone towards facing teenage health problems.

Although growing up comes up to be an exciting time for teenagers but confusing and challenging at the same time as they are unable to negotiate the problems happening in their inner, however, on the other hand, those who are provided with support from their parents and friends are more likely to safely negotiate the issues like these as they are going through a rough time of experimenting with risky behaviours.

In Pregnant Women

Pic Credit: Yourhealth

Pregnancy is often an exciting time for people. However, it can still be common for a pregnant woman to experience depression. Symptoms of depression during pregnancy include:

  • changes in appetite or eating habits
  • feeling hopeless
  • anxiety
  • losing interest in activities and things you previously enjoyed
  • persistent sadness
  • troubles concentrating or remembering
  • sleep problems, including insomnia or sleeping too much
  • thoughts of death or suicide

Treatments for depression involved during pregnancy are entirely based upon talk therapies and natural treatments but some of the doctors do prescribe them the antidepressants, though it lies still unclear which of the above therapies tends to act safely. Usually,

healthcare providers encourage them to try an alternative option until after the birth of your baby.

The risks for depression can continue after the baby arrives. Postpartum depression, which is also called major depressive disorder with peripartum onset, is a serious concern for new mothers.

Prevention and Treatment

Depression is treatable and symptoms can be managed and stopped by involving three components that support, treatment through drugs and psychotherapy .support can range from discussing solutions to the problems and sending people especially men to rehabilitation centres who are exposed to smoking and drinking during the depression. It is obvious that any mental disease can easily be handled through support and depression especially in children. Drug treatment is also very effective against depression but sometimes it is ineffective if the problem is not being solved.

Enjoying life with depression, its causes, symptoms, and treatment can be a hard challenge but treatment and prevention, if adopted on time, may result in improving your life quality. It is far better to consult any health care provider about every possible option. You may successfully manage symptoms with one form of treatment, or you may find that a combination of treatments works best. It is common to combine medical treatments and lifestyle therapies, including the following:


Your healthcare provider may prescribe the following medications which are used for treating depression. It has benefits and potential risks, on the other hand, too.

  • antidepressants
  • antianxiety
  • antipsychotic medications


During the depression, talking or taking help from any therapist immediately might help you overcome the accumulated negative feelings. You may also benefit from family or group therapy sessions.

Alternative therapies

Ask your healthcare provider about acupuncture or meditation. Some herbal supplements are also used to treat depression, like St. John’s wort, SAMe, and fish oil.

Talk with your healthcare provider before taking a supplement or combining a supplement with prescription medication because some supplements can react with certain medications. Some supplements may also worsen depression or reduce the effectiveness of the medication.


Exercising for at least half an hour may prove to be beneficial as the physical activities 3 to 5 days a week increases your production of endorphins in your body, the hormones that are responsible for improving the mood.

Avoid alcohol and drugs

Drinking or misusing drugs may make you feel better for a little bit. But in the long run, these substances can make depression and anxiety symptoms worse.

Learn how to say no

Feeling exhausted, sometimes, may worsen the accumulated anxiety and finally lead to depression symptoms. Setting certain boundaries in your personal and professional life where you, only you, can sometimes be alone can help you feel better.


Depression is an ongoing problem, not a passing one. It consists of episodes during which the symptoms last for at least 2 weeks. Depression can last for several weeks, months, or years. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Trusted Source estimates that 8.1 percent of American adults ages 20 and over had depression in any given 2-week period from 2016 to 2019, experiencing lower productivity due to chronic health conditions and influences the relationships. Conditions that can get worse due to depression include:

  • arthritis
  • asthma
  • cardiovascular disease
  • cancer
  • diabetes
  • obesity

It’s important to realize that feeling down at times is a normal part of life. Sad and upsetting events happen to everyone but, if you’re feeling down or hopeless on a regular basis, you could be dealing with depression. Sometimes it isn’t the same as it is a serious mental health condition, marked by an overwhelming feeling of pessimism, isolation, and despair that affects how a person thinks, feels, and functions. The condition may significantly interfere with a person’s daily life and may prompt thoughts of suicide. Depression isn’t the same as sadness, loneliness, or grief caused by challenging life experiences, such as the death of a loved one, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn’t worth living.

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